Chameleon Care &

Information Center (CCIC)

 

Individual species profiles are still under construction and once completed will be regularly updated with current information.


Below is a current list of recognized chameleon taxa and a single common name. Once species profiles are completed, you will be able to click any taxa to view available photos and information on that species/subspecies. If you have high quality photos you’d be willing to allow me to use for a species profile, please email me.


I have done my best to maintain a current and accurate list of recognized taxa based on the most current taxonomy. As taxonomy is an an ever-changing science, if you feel I’ve missed a species, subspecies, genus or failed to utilize a current taxonomic breakdown, please contact me.


I’ve purposely only utilized a single common name for each species. Common names are unofficial by their very nature and thus are cursed with confusion surrounding their use and assignment. The common names I’ve used are those that I feel are the most accurate and hopefully help to avoid confusion as to which taxa it refers to. By recognizing only a single common name per taxa, I am seeking to maintain clarity in my own works when I choose to utilize common names. If you feel another common name is more appropriate for a given taxa, I’d be happy to hear your rational and will consider altering the common name I endorse and utilize. If you’d like to discuss my choice of common name, please email me.


Archaius

A. tigris (Kuhl, 1820): Tiger Chameleon


Bradypodion

Bd. atromontanum Branch, Tolley & Tilbury, 2006: Swartberg Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. caeruleogula Raw & Brothers, 2008: Eshowe Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. caffer (Boettger, 1889): Pondo Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. damaranum (Boulenger, 1887): Knysna Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. dracomontanum Raw, 1976: Drakensberg Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. gutturale (Smith, 1849): Little Karoo Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. kentanicum (Hewitt, 1935): Kentani Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. melanocephalum (Gray, 1865): KwaZulu Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. nemorale Raw, 1978: Qudeni Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. ngomeense Tilbury & Tolley, 2009: Ngome Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. occidentale (Hewitt, 1935): Western Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. pumilum (Gmelin, 1789): Cape Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. setaroi Raw, 1976: Setaro’s Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. taeniabronchum (Smith, 1831): Elandsberg Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. thamnobates Raw, 1976: Natal Midlands Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. transvaalense (FitzSimons, 1930): Wolkberg Dwarf Chameleon

Bd. ventrale (Gray, 1845): Eastern Cape Dwarf Chameleon


Brookesia

  1. B.ambreensis Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1995: Mt. Amber Leaf Chameleon

  2. B.antakarana Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1995: Antakarana Leaf Chameleon

  3. B.bekolosy Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1995: Bekolosy Leaf Chameleon

  4. B.betschi Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1974: Betsch’s Leaf Chameleon

  5. B.bonsi Ramanantsoa, 1980: Bons’ Leaf Chameleon

  6. B.brunoi Crottini, Miralles, Glaw, Harris, Lima & vences, 2012: Bruno’s Brown Leaf Chameleon

  7. B.brygooi Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1995: Brygoo’s Leaf Chameleon

  8. B.confidens Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences, 2012: Ankarana Minute Leaf Chameleon

  9. B.decaryi Angel, 1939: Decary’s Leaf Chameleon

  10. B.dentata Mocquard, 1900: Toothed Minute Leaf Chameleon

  11. B.desperata Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences, 2012: Forêt d’Ambre Minute Leaf Chameleon

  12. B.ebenaui (Boettger, 1880): Ebenau’s Northern Leaf Chameleon

  13. B.exarmata Schimmenti & Jesu, 1996: Antsingy Unarmed Leaf Chameleon

  14. B.griveaudi Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1974: Griveaud’s Marojejy Leaf Chameleon

  15. B.karchei Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1970: Karche’s Leaf Chameleon

  16. B.lambertoni Brygoo & Domergue, 1970: Fito Leaf Chameleon

  17. B.lineata Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1995: Lined Leaf Chameleon

  18. B.micra Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences, 2012: Nosy Hara Minute Leaf Chameleon

  19. B.minima Boettger, 1893: Nosy Be Minute Leaf Chameleon

  20. B.perarmata (Angel, 1933): Antsingy Armored Leaf Chameleon

  21. B.peyrierasi Brygoo & Domergue, 1974: Peyrieras’ Minute Leaf Chameleon

  22. B.ramanantsoai Brygoo & Domergue, 1974: Ramanantsoa’s Minute Leaf Chameleon

  23. B.stumpffi Boettger, 1894: Plated Leaf Chameleon

  24. B.superciliaris (Kuhl, 1820): Horned Leaf Chameleon

  25. B.therezieni Brygoo & Domergue, 1970: Perinet Leaf Chameleon

  26. B.thieli Brygoo & Domergue, 1969: Domergue’s Leaf Chameleon

  27. B.tristis Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences, 2012: Montagne des Français Minute Leaf Chameleon

  28. B.tuberculata Mocquard, 1894: Montagne d’Ambre Minute Leaf Chameleon

  29. B.vadoni Brygoo & Domergue, 1968: Iaraka River Leaf Chameleon

B. valerieae Raxworthy, 1991: Valerie’s Leaf Chameleon


Calumma

C. amber Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2006: Amber Chameleon

  1. C.ambreense (Ramanantsoa, 1974): Mt. Amber Globe-horned Chameleon

  2. C.andringitraense (Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1972): Andringitra Side-striped Chameleon

  3. C.boettgeri (Boulenger, 1888): Boettger’s Blue-nosed Chameleon

  4. C.brevicorne (Günther, 1879): Short-horned Chameleon

  5. C.capuroni (Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1972): Capuron’s Chameleon

  6. C.crypticum Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2006: Cryptic Chameleon

  7. C.cucullatum (Gray, 1831): Hooded Chameleon

  8. C.fallax (Mocquard, 1900): Deceptive Chameleon

  9. C.furcifer (Vaillant & Grandidier, 1880): Fork-nosed Chameleon

  10. C.gallus (Günther, 1877): Long-nosed Chameleon

  11. C.gastrotaenia (Boulenger, 1888): Madagascar Side-striped Chameleon

  12. C.glawi Böhme, 1997: Glaw’s Side-striped Chameleon

  13. C.globifer (Günther, 1879): Globe-horned Chameleon

  14. C.guibei (Hillenius, 1959): Guibe’s Chameleon

  15. C.guillaumeti (Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1974): Guillaumet’s Side-striped Chameleon

  16. C.hafahafa Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2006: Bizarre-nosed Chameleon

  17. C.hilleniusi (Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1973): Hillenius’ Short-horned Chameleon

  18. C.jejy Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2006: Marojejy Peak Chameleon

  19. C.malthe (Günther, 1879): Malthe’s Green-eared Chameleon

  20. C.marojezense (Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1970): Marojejy Side-striped Chameleon

  21. C.nasutum (Duméril & Bibron, 1836): Leaf-nosed Chameleon

  22. C.oshaughnessyi (Günther, 1881): O’Shaughnessy’s Chameleon

  23. C.parsonii parsonii (Cuvier, 1824): Parson’s Chameleon

  24. C.parsonii cristifer (Methuen & Hewitt, 1913): Crested Parson’s Chameleon

  25. C.peltierorum Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2006: Peltiers’ Chameleon

  26. C.peyrierasi (Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1974): Peyrieras’ Side-striped Chameleon

  27. C.tarzan Gehring, Pabijan, Ratsoavina, Köhler, Vences & Glaw, 2010: Tarzan’s Side-striped Chameleon

  28. C.tsaratananense (Brygoo & Domergue, 1967): Tsaratanana Chameleon

  29. C.tsycorne Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2006: Blunt-nosed Chameleon

  30. C.vatosoa Andreone, Mattiolo, Jesu & Randrianirina, 2001: Beautiful Stone Chameleon

  31. C.vencesi Andreone, Mattiolo, Jesu & Randrianirina, 2001: Vences’ Side-striped Chameleon

  32. C.vohibola Gehring, Ratsoavina, Vences & Glaw, 2011: Vohibola Forest Chameleon


Chamaeleo

Ch. africanus Laurenti, 1768: African Chameleon

Ch. anchietae Bocage, 1872: Angola Double-scaled Chameleon

Ch. arabicus (Matschie, 1893): Arabian Chameleon

Ch. calcaricarens Böhme, 1985: Awash Spurless Chameleon

Ch. calyptratus calyptratus Duméril & Duméril, 1851: Veiled Chameleon

Ch. calyptratus calcarifer Peters, 1871: Short-casqued Veiled Chameleon

Ch. chamaeleon chamaeleon (Linnaeus, 1758): European Common Chameleon

Ch. chamaeleon musae Steindachner, 1900: Sinai Peninsula Common Chameleon

Ch. chamaeleon orientalis Parker, 1938: Arabian Common Chameleon

Ch. chamaeleon recticrista Boettger, 1880: Middle East Common Chameleon

Ch. dilepis dilepis Leach, 1819: Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. dilepis idjwiensis Loveridge, 1942: Idjwi Island Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. dilepis isabellinus Günther, 1893: Isabelline Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. dilepis martensi Mertens, 1964: Pemba Island Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. dilepis petersii Gray, 1865: Peters’ Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. etiennei Schmidt, 1919: Etienne’s Slender Chameleon

Ch. gracilis Hallowell, 1842: Slender Chameleon

Ch. laevigatus (Gray, 1863): Smooth Chameleon

Ch. monachus (Gray, 1865): Socotran Chameleon

Ch. namaquensis (Smith, 1831): Namaqua Chameleon

Ch. necasi Ullenbruch, Krause & Böhme, 2007: Necas’ Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. quilensis Bocage, 1866: Quilo River Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. roperi (Boulenger, 1890): Roper’s Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. ruspolii (Boettger, 1893): Ruspoli’s Ogaden Flap-necked Chameleon

Ch. senegalensis Daudin, 1802: Senegal Chameleon

Ch. zeylanicus Laurenti, 1768: Indian Chameleon


Furcifer

F. angeli (Brygoo & Domergue, 1968): Angel’s Chameleon

  1. F.antimena (Grandidier, 1872): Paddle-nosed Chameleon

  2. F.balteatus (Duméril & Bibron, 1851): Tusked Chameleon

  3. F.belalandaensis (Brygoo & Domergue, 1970): Belalanda Chameleon

  4. F.bifidus (Brongniart, 1800): Fork-nosed Chameleon

  5. F.campani (Grandidier, 1872): Jeweled Chameleon

  6. F.cephalolepis (Günther, 1880): Comoro Island Dwarf Panther Chameleon

  7. F.labordi (Grandidier, 1872): Labord’s Chameleon

  8. F.lateralis (Gray, 1831): Eastern Carpet Chameleon

  9. F.major (Brygoo, 1971): Southern Carpet Chameleon

  10. F.minor (Günther, 1879): Lesser Chameleon

  11. F.nicosiai Jesu, Mattioli & Schimmenti, 1999: Nicosia’s Chameleon

  12. F.oustaleti (Mocquard, 1894): Oustalet’s Chameleon

  13. F.pardalis (Cuvier, 1829): Panther Chameleon

  14. F.petteri (Brygoo & Domergue, 1966): Petter’s Chameleon

  15. F.polleni (Peters, 1874): Pollen’s Chameleon

  16. F.rhinoceratus (Gray, 1843): Rhinoceros Chameleon

  17. F.timoni Glaw, Köhler & Vences, 2009: Timon’s Chameleon

  18. F.tuzetae (Brygoo, Bourgat & Domergue, 1972): Ambiky Chameleon

  19. F.verrucosus verrucosus (Cuvier, 1829): Madagascar Giant Spiny Chameleon

  20. F.verrucosus semicristatus (Boettger, 1894): Short-crested Madagascar Giant Spiny Chameleon

  21. F.viridis Florio, Ingram, Rakotondravony, Louis & Raxworthy, 2012: Western Carpet Chameleon

F. willsii (Günther, 1890): Wills’ Chameleon


Kinyongia

K. adolfifriderici (Sternfeld, 1912): Ituri Chameleon

  1. K.asheorum Necas, Sindaco, Koreny, Kopecná, Malonza & Modry, 2009: Mount Nyiro Bearded Chameleon

  2. K.boehmei (Lutzmann & Necas, 2002): Taita Two-horned Chameleon

  3. K.carpenteri (Parker, 1929): Rwenzori Helmeted Chameleon

  4. K.excubitor (Barbour, 1911): Mt. Kenya Sentinel Chameleon

  5. K.fischeri (Reichenow, 1887): Nguru Two-horned Chameleon

  6. K.gyrolepis Greenbaum, Tolley, Joma & Kusamba, 2012: Lendu Chameleon

  7. K.magomberae Menegon, Tolley, Jones, Rovero, Marshall & Tilbury, 2009: Magombera One-horned Chameleon

  8. K.matschiei (Werner, 1895): Giant East Usambara Two-horned Chameleon

  9. K.multituberculata (Nieden, 1913): West Usambara Two-horned Chameleon

  10. K.oxyrhina (Klaver & Böhme, 1988): Eastern Arc One-horned Chameleon

  11. K.tavetana (Steindachner, 1891): Kilimanjaro Two-horned Chameleon

  12. K.tenuis (Matschie, 1892): Usambara Soft-horned Chameleon

  13. K.uluguruensis (Loveridge, 1957): Uluguru Two-horned Chameleon

  14. K.uthmoelleri uthmoelleri (Müller, 1938): Hanang Uthmöller’s Chameleon

  15. K.uthmoelleri artytor Lutzmann, Stipala, Lademann, Krause, Wilms & Schmitz, 2010: South Pare Uthmöller’s Chameleon

  16. K.vanheygeni Necas, 2009: Poroto Single-horned Chameleon

  17. K.vosseleri (Nieden, 1913): Vosseler’s East Usambara Two-horned Chameleon

K. xenorhina (Boulenger, 1901): Rwenzori Plate-horned Chameleon


Nadzikambia
N. baylissi Branch & Tolley, 2010: Mount Mabu Chameleon

N. mlanjensis (Broadley, 1965): Mount Mulanje Chameleon


Palleon

P. lolontany (Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1995): Mountain Spirit Leaf Chameleon

P. nasus nasus (Boulenger, 1887): Elongate Leaf Chameleon

P. nasus pauliani (Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1972): Paulian’s Elongate Leaf Chameleon


Rhampholeon (Bicuspis)

Rh. (Bi.) gorongosae Broadley, 1971: Mount Gorongosa Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Bi.) marshalli Boulenger, 1906: Marshall’s Pygmy Chameleon


Rhampholeon (Rhampholeon)

Rh. (Rh.) spectrum (Buchholz, 1874): Western Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rh.) spinosus (Matschie, 1892): Usambara Rosette-nosed Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rh.) temporalis (Matschie, 1892): East Usambara Pitted Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rh.) viridis Mariaux & Tilbury, 2006: Pare Green Pygmy Chameleon


Rhampholeon (Rhinodigitum)

Rh. (Rd.) acuminatus Mariaux & Tilbury, 2006: Nguru Spiny Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rd.) beraduccii Mariaux & Tilbury, 2006: Mahenge Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rd.) boulengeri Steindachner, 1911: Boulenger’s Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rd.) chapmanorum Tilbury, 1992: Chapman’s Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rd.) moyeri Menegon, Salvidio & Tilbury, 2002: Udzungwa Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rd.) nchisiensis (Loveridge, 1953): Nchisi Pitless Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rd.) platyceps Günther, 1893: Mulanje Flat-headed Pygmy Chameleon

Rh. (Rd.) uluguruensis Tilbury & Emmrich, 1996: Uluguru Pygmy Chameleon


Rieppeleon

  1. R.brachyurus (Günther, 1893): Zomba Beardless Pygmy Chameleon

  2. R.brevicaudatus (Matschie, 1892): Bearded Pygmy Chameleon

  3. R.kerstenii kerstenii (Peters, 1868): Pygmy Grass Chameleon

R. kerstenii robecchii (Boulenger, 1892): Robecch’s Pygmy Grass Chameleon


Trioceros

  1. T.affinis (Rüppel, 1845): Beardless Ethiopian Mountain Chameleon

  2. T.balebicornutus (Tilbury, 1998): Bale Mountain Two-horned Chameleon

  3. T.bitaeniatus (Fischer, 1884): Two-striped Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  4. T.camerunensis (Müller, 1909): Cameroon Chameleon

  5. T.chapini (de Witte, 1964): Chapin’s Chameleon

  6. T.conirostratus (Tilbury, 1998): Sudanese Cone-horned Chameleon

  7. T.cristatus (Stutchbury, 1837): Crested Chameleon

  8. T.deremensis (Matschie, 1892): Usambara Giant Three-horned Chameleon

  9. T.ellioti (Günther, 1895): Elliot’s Grooved-throated Side-striped Chameleon

  10. T.feae (Boulenger, 1906): Bioko Hornless Chameleon

  11. T.fuelleborni (Tornier, 1900): Poroto Three-horned Chameleon

  12. T.goetzei goetzei (Tronier, 1899): Goetze’s Whistling Chameleon

  13. T.goetzei nyikae (Loveridge, 1953): Nyika Whistling Chameleon

  14. T.hanangensis Krause & Böhme, 2010: Mount Hanang Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  15. T.harennae harennae (Largen, 1995): Harenna Hornless Chameleon

T. harennae fitchi (Necas, 2004): Fitch’s Hornless Chameleon

  1. T.hoehnelii (Steindachner, 1891): Kenyan High-casqued Chameleon

  2. T.incornutus (Loveridge, 1932): Ukinga Hornless Chameleon

  3. T.ituriensis (Schmidt, 1919): Ituri Forest Chameleon

  4. T.jacksonii jacksonii (Boulenger, 1896): Jackson’s Three-horned Chameleon

  5. T.jacksonii merumontanus (Rand, 1958): Mount Meru Three-horned Chameleon

  6. T.jacksonii xantholophus (Eason, Ferguson & Hebrard, 1988): Mt. Kenya Three-horned Chameleon

  7. T.johnstoni (Boulenger, 1901): Johnston’s Three-horned Chameleon

  8. T.kinangopensis Stipala, Lutzmann, Malonza, Wilkinson, Godley, Nyamache & Evans, 2012: Kinangop Peak Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  9. T.kinetensis (Schmidt, 1943): Mount Kineti Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  10. T.laterispinis (Loveridge, 1932): Spiny-flanked Chameleon

  11. T.marsabitensis (Tilbury, 1991): Marsabit One-horned Chameleon

  12. T.melleri (Gray, 1865): Meller’s Giant One-horned Chameleon

  13. T.montium (Buchholz, 1874): Cameroon Two-horned Mountain Chameleon

  14. T.narraioca (Necas, Modry & Slapeta, 2003): Mount Kulal Helmeted Chameleon

  15. T.ntunte (Necas, Modry & Slapeta, 2005): Nyiru Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  16. T.nyirit Stipala, Lutzmánn, Malonza, Borghesio, Wilkinson, Godley & Evans, 2011: Cherangani Helmeted Chameleon

  17. T.oweni (Gray, 1831): Owen’s Three-horned Chameleon

  18. T.perreti (Klaver & Böhme, 1992): Southern Peacock Chameleon

  19. T.pfefferi (Tornier, 1900): Pfeffer’s Two-horned Chameleon

  20. T.quadricornis quadricornis (Tornier, 1899): Southern Four-horned Chameleon

  21. T.quadricornis eisentrauti (Mertens, 1968): Rumpi Hills Chameleon

  22. T.quadricornis gracilior (Böhme & Klaver, 1981): Northern Four-horned Chameleon

  23. T.rudis (Boulenger, 1906): Rwenzori Bearded Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  24. T.schoutedeni (Laurent, 1952): Schouteden’s Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  25. T.schubotzi (Sternfeld, 1912): Mount Kenya Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  26. T.serratus (Mertens, 1922): Central Peacock Chameleon

  27. T.sternfeldi (Rand, 1963): Tanzanian Montane Dwarf Chameleon

  28. T.tempeli (Tornier, 1899): Tubercle-nosed Chameleon

  29. T.tremperi (Necas, 1994): Udzungwa Double-bearded Chameleon

  30. T.werneri (Tornier, 1899): Werner’s Three-horned Chameleon

T. wiedersheimi (Nieden, 1910): Northern Peacock Chameleon

Species Profiles: